红包捕鱼

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        AI能忆起昨天的你了 但触景生情还有点难

        科技日报   |  2019年12月17日
        人工智能要形成长期记忆,还需要脑科学、神经科学、心理学和行为经济学等多学科的交叉研究。

          记住一些东西并能回忆起来,对于人类来说是与生俱来的能力。记忆可以让我们回忆过往之事,并基于此对未来做出决策。能否让AI智能体也做到这点呢?近日,谷歌旗下人工智能企业“深层思维”(DeepMind)提出一种方法,能够让智能体使用特定的记忆来信任过去的行为,并对未来做出正确的决策。相关成果发表于最新一期的《自然·通讯》上。

          NEIME,MUQIANWOMENRANGAICHANSHENGDEJIYIHERENLEIDEJIYISHIYIHUISHIMA?RENGONGZHINENGKEYIYONGSHENMEFANGFACHANSHENGJIYI?YUYIWANGXIANGBI,CICI“SHENCENGSIWEI”TICHUDEXINFANGFAYOUHEBUTONG?ZAIFUYURENGONGZHINENGJIYIFANGMIAN,WOMENSHANGXUZUONAXIENULI?

          四种方法让AI产生“记忆”

          JIYISHIWOMENDUIGUOQUDEJINGLIJINXINGBIANMA、CUNCHU、HUIYIDENGDENENGLI。YIBANERYAN,KEYIJIANGQISHIWEILIYONGGUOQUDEJINGYANLAIYINGXIANGDANGQIANXINGWEIDENENGLI。TASHIRENLEINENGGOUXUEXIYIQIANDEJINGYANBINGYUXIANZAIDESHIJIANJIANLILIANXI。

          SHENGHUOZHONGNEIXIEGANDONGWOMENDERENHUOSHIWANGWANGHUICHUFAHUIYI,YEJIUSHIWOMENTONGCHANGSUOSHUODECHUJINGSHENGQING。“RENLEIDEZHANGQIJIYISHIJISHANGSHICHENGXIANDUOMOTAI、CHANGJINGHUATEZHENGDE,JIYIGEJIYISHIJIANZAICUNCHUSHIBAOHANDUOGEWEIDU,CHUFAMOUGEWEIDUJIUKEYIKUAISUZHAODAOXIANSUOBINGJINXINGHUIYI。”YUANWANGZHIKURENGONGZHINENGSHIYEBUBUZHANG、TULINGJIQIRENSHOUXIZHANLVEGUANTANMINGZHOUZAIJIESHOUKEJIRIBAOJIZHECAIFANGSHIBIAOSHI,DANRENMENWANGWANGGAOGULEJIYILIANG,QISHIWOMENDEJIYIRONGLIANGHENYOUXIAN,SUOYIRENLEIJIYIBENSHENSHIGAODUCHOUXIANGDE,ZAIJIYISHIWOMENTONGCHANGXUANZEDUISHIJIANJINXINGTEZHENGTILIAN,QIZHONGYOUHAODUOYAOSUZHISHIGAIKUANGBINGQIESHIMOHUDE。RUHUIYIDIANYING,WOMENBUHUIJINGZHUNDIHUIYIYIZHENYIZHENDEWANZHENGCHENGXIANG,DANRUGUOLEISICHANGJINGZAIXIAN,WOMENJIUHUIHUIXIANGQIZHIQIANDEYIMU。

          ZAIYIWANGDEYANJIUZHONG,CAIYONGSHENMEFANGFAKEYIRANGAICHANSHENGHUIYI?

        红包捕鱼  TANMINGZHOUJIESHAOSHUO,BIJIAOCHANGYONGDEYOUSIZHONGFANGFA:DIYIZHONGSHIZHANGDUANQIJIYIWANGLUO。TASHIYOUYIGEBEIQIANRUDAOWANGLUOZHONGDEXIANXINGJIYIDANYUANZUCHENG,GONGNENGSHIJIZHUJIAOZHANGZHOUQIDEXINXI。ZHEIYIJISHUZHUYAOBEIGUGE、YAMAXUNHEWEIRUANDENGGONGSIYONGYUYUYANSHIBIE、ZHINENGZHUSHOUDENG。DIERZHONGFANGSHISHIDANXINGQUANZHONGGONGGUSUANFA。ZHEIZHONGSUANFAZHUYAOYONGYUXULIEXUEXIDUOZHONGYOUXI。“SHENCENGSIWEI”CAIYONGDEJIUSHIZHEIZHONGYUJIYIGONGGUYOUGUANDESUANFA,MUDESHIRANGJIQIXUEXI、JIZHUBINGNENGGOUTIQUXINXI。DISANZHONGFANGFASHIKEWEIFENSHENJINGJISUANJI,ZHEIZHONGJISUANJIDETEDIANSHIJIANGSHENJINGWANGLUOYUJIYIXITONGLIANXIQILAI,BINGXIANGCHUANTONGJISUANJIYIYANGCUNCHUXINXI,HAIKECONGLIZIZHONGJINXINGXUEXI。DISIZHONGFANGFASHILIANXUSHENJINGWANGLUO,ZHUYAOYONGYUMIGONGXUEXI,JIEJUEFUZADELIANXUXINGRENWU,TONGSHIKEYIQIANYIZHISHI。

          解决长期信用分配问题是关键

        红包捕鱼  NEIMUQIAN,AICHANSHENGDEJIYIYURENLEIDEJIYISHIYIHUISHIMA?TANMINGZHOUDADAO:“MUQIANAIDEJIYIRENGZHISHITINGLIUZAIJIANGXUEXISUOHUODEDEXINXIJINXINGBIANMA、CUNCHU,JINERZHUANHUAWEIRENZHIDEGUOCHENG。YIQIANDEZUOFAZHISHIRANGAIJIANGSUOFASHENGDEYIQIEXISHUCUNCHU,RANERJIYIYUCUNCHUSHIYOUQUBIEDE,JIYISHIWEILENENGGOUYOUXIAOHUIYI。RENLEIHUIYIDEFANGSHI,WANGWANGSHIKUAGEZHONGYUJIEDE,RUTONGGUOMOUGEPINPAIHURANXIANGQIMOUGESHI。YINCI,YAORANGAIZHINENGTIDUIGUOQUSUOFASHENGDEYIXIESHIQING,PANDUANGAIBUGAIJIYI,GUANJIANYAOCAIQUYIXIEFANGFALINGQIZUOCHUPINGDING,DADAORENLEIHUIYIDEXIAOGUO。”

          YAORANGAINENGGOUSHIXIANHUIYIGUOQUDESHIQING,SHEJIDAOZHANGQIXINYONGFENPEIWENTI:JIRUHEPINGGUXINGWEIZAIZHANGQIXINGWEIXULIEZHONGDEXIAOYONG。DANRENGONGZHINENGXIANYOUDEXINDUFENPEIFANGFAWUFAJIEJUEXINGWEIYUJIEGUOZHIJIANCUNZAIZHANGSHIJIANYANCHIDERENWU。

          JUJIESHAO,RENGONGZHINENGDEYANJIUZHONG,ZAIYIGEZHANGXULIENEIPINGGUGERENXINGWEIDEXIAOYONGWENTI,BEICHENGWEIXINYONGFENPEIWENTI。GAIPINGGUKEYIDUIGUOQUDEXINGDONGHUOJIHUADEWEILAIXINGDONGJINXINGPINGFEN。

        红包捕鱼  TANMINGZHOUJIESHIDAO:“JUTIZAIQIANGHUAXUEXIZHONG,ZHINENGTIHUODEZHIDAODEWEIYITUJINGSHITONGGUOJIANGLI,ERJIANGLITONGCHANGSHIXISHUHEYANCHIDE。DANGZHINENGTIDEDAOJIANGLISHI,HENNANZHIDAONAXIEXINGWEIYINGGAIBEIXINREN,NAXIEGAIBEIZEBEI,ZHEIJIUSHIXINYONGFENPEIWENTI。”

          CIWAI,TANMINGZHOUJIESHAODAO,XIANGRANGAIXIANGRENLEINEIYANGCHANSHENGHUIYI,SHOUXIANXUYAORANGAIXUEHUIQINGJINGJIYIYIJIZICHUANSHIJIYI。AIZHISUOYIHENNANZUODAOZHEIDIAN,SHIYINWEIQINGJINGJIYIHEZICHUANSHIJIYIYOUZHEFEICHANGQIANGDEGETITIYANTEXING。QINGJINGJIYIYUZICHUANSHIJIYIYIDANHEDANGSHIRENGELIEKAILAI,JIUSHIQULESHENGMINGLI,DUIYUJIQIERYAN,ZHEIHENNANXIANGXIANG。BIJINGDUIYUJIQIERYAN,JINGSHENKEYIDULIYUWUZHICUNZAI,TIYANKEYIDULIYUZHUTICUNZAI。CIWAIHAIYAOFANGZHIJIQIKENENGCHUXIANDEZAINANXINGYIWANG。RENZHIXINLIXUEYANJIUBIAOMING,RENLEIZIRANRENZHIXITONGDEYIWANGBINGBUXUYAOWANQUANMOCHUXIANQIANDEXINXI。DANSHIDUIYUJIQIERYAN,YIWANGJIUSHIZAINANXINGDE,JIXUYAOMOCHUXIANQIANDEXINXI。

          与人类复杂记忆相比仍是初级阶段

        红包捕鱼  JUTANMINGZHOUJIESHAO,CICI“SHENCENGSIWEI”TICHUJIANGFANLIJIANLIZAISHENRUDEQIANGHUAXUEXIJICHUSHANG,BINGYINRUZHANGQIXINYONGFENPEIDEYUANZE。SHOUXIAN,ZHINENGTIXUBIANMABINGCUNCHUGANZHIHESHIJIANJIYI;RANHOU,ZHINENGTIXUTONGGUOSHIBIEHEFANGWENGUOQUSHIJIANDEJIYILAIYUCEWEILAIDEHUIBAO;ZAIYOU,ZHINENGTIXUGENJUQIDUIWEILAIJIANGLIDEGONGXIANLAIZHONGXINPINGGUZHEIXIEGUOQUDESHIJIAN。ZHEIYANGKERANGZHINENGTISHIYONGTEDINGDEJIYILAIXINRENGUOQUDEXINGWEI,BINGDUIWEILAIZUOCHUZHENGQUEDEJUECE。

          WEILEZUODAOZHEIYIDIAN,“SHENCENGSIWEI”LUNWENXIANSHI,QIZUODESHOUYAOGONGZUOSHIXINGSHIHUARENWUJIEGOU,ZHUYAOBAOKUOLIANGZHONGLEIXINGDERENWU。JUTIERYAN,ZAIDIYIZHONGXINXIHUOQURENWUZHONG:YIJIEDUAN,ZHINENGTIXUZAIWUJISHIJIANGLIQINGKUANGXIATANSUOYIGEHUANJINGLAIHUOQUXINXI;ERJIEDUAN,ZHINENGTIZAIHENZHANGYIDUANSHIJIANNEICONGSHIYIXIANGBUXIANGGUANDEGANRAORENWU,BINGHUODEXUDUOFUDAIJIANGLI;SANJIEDUAN,ZHINENGTIXULIYONGYIJIEDUANZHONGDEDAODEXINXIHUOQUYUANDUANJIANGLI。

          ZAIDIERZHONGYINGUORENWUZHONG:YIJIEDUAN,ZHINENGTIXUCAIQUXINGDONGCHUFAJINJUYOUZHANGQIYINGUOGUANXIDEMOUSHIJIAN;ERJIEDUAN,TONGYANGSHIYIGEGANRAORENWU;SANJIEDUAN,WEILEQUDECHENGGONG,ZHINENGTIXULIYONGYIJIEDUANHUODONGYINQIDEHUANJINGBIANHUALAIHUODECHENGGONG。

        红包捕鱼  ERZAIYANJIUZHEIZHONGJIEGOUDEWANZHENGRENWUZHIQIAN,YANJIURENYUANKAOLVRANGZHINENGTISHIXIANYIGEGENGJIANDANDEBEIDONGGUOCHENGDERENWU——“BEIDONGSHIJUEPIPEI”,JIZHINENGTIBUYONGCAIQURENHEZHUDONGCUOSHIQUCAIJIXINXI,RUTONGYIGERENZAIJIESHANGZOULU,BUJINGYIJIANJIUGUANCHADAOMOUXIEXINXIYIYANG。

        红包捕鱼  “SHENCENGSIWEI”DELUNWENCHENGXIANYIGEDAYOUXIGUOCHENGZHONGDEJIANDANCHANGJING,BINGRANGAIZHINENGTIDUITANSUOGUODELUJINGJIGONGLVEJINXINGJIYI,DANGRANYURENLEIFUZADEJIYIJIZHIXIANGBI,HAISHIXIANGDANGCHUQIDEJIEDUAN。

          TANMINGZHOUQIANGDIAO,ZHENGRULUNWENSUOSHU,XINFANGFADEFANSHITUOKUANLEAIYANJIUDEFANCHOU。ZHEISHIYIGEYOUQUDEHUATI,SHEJIRENNAOKEXUEDEYANJIU,YIJISHENJINGKEXUE、XINLIXUEHEXINGWEIJINGJIXUEDENGDUOXUEKEJIAOCHAYANJIUDECHANGSHI,JINHOUHAIYOUHENZHANGDELUYAOZOU,XUYAOGENGDUOKAIFANGXINGDETANSUO。

          目前人工智能系统还不具备长期记忆

        红包捕鱼  RENNAOCONGGONGNENGDEJIAODUKEFENWEIJIGEMOKUAI:JICUNQI、DUANQIJIYI、ZHANGQIJIYI、ZHONGYANGKONGZHIMOKUAI。RENNAOTONGGUOWUZHONGCHUANGANQI,SHIJUE、CHUJUEDENG,CONGWAIBUJIESHOUXINXI,CUNZAIJICUNQI,RUGUOWOMENDEZHUYILIGUANZHUZHEIXIEXINXI,DANAOKEYIBAZHEIXIEXINXIBIANCHENGDUANQIJIYILIDENEIRONG,DUANQIJIYIKEYICHIXU30MIAOZUOYOU,RUGUOWOMENYOUYISHIYAOJIZHUZHEIXIENEIRONGDEHUA,DANAOYOUHUIJIANGDUANQIJIYIDENEIRONGZHUANDAOZHANGQIJIYIZHONG。

          ZHANGQIJIYIDENEIRONGJIYOUXINXI,YEYOUZHISHI。JIANDANDISHUO,XINXIBIAOSHIDESHISHIJIEDESHISHI,ZHISHIBIAOSHIDESHIRENMENDUISHIJIEDELIJIE,LIANGZHEZHIJIANBINGBUYIDINGYOUMINGQUEDEJIEXIAN。RENZAIZHANGQIJIYILICUNCHUXINXIHEZHISHISHI,XINDENEIRONGHEYIYOUDENEIRONGLIANXIDAOYIQI,GUIMOBUDUANZENGDA,ZHEIJIUSHIZHANGQIJIYIDETEDIAN。ZHANGQIJIYISHIJISHANGCUNZAIYUDANAOPICENG,ZAIDANAOPICENG,JIYIYIWEIZHEGAIBIANNAOXIBAOZHIJIANDELIANJIE,GOUJIANXINDELIANLU,XINGCHENGXINDEWANGLUOMOSHI。

          WOMENKEYIRENWEI,XIANZAIDERENGONGZHINENGXITONGSHIMEIYOUZHANGQIJIYIDE。WULUNSHIAERFAGOU,HAISHIZIDONGJIASHIQICHE,DOUSHIZHONGFUSHIYONGYIJINGXUEXIHAODEMOXINGHUOZHEYIJINGBEIRENGONGDINGYIHAODEMOXING,BUJUBEIBUDUANHUOQUXINXIHEZHISHI,BINGBAXINDEXINXIYUZHISHIJIARUDAOXITONGZHONGDEJIZHI。

        红包捕鱼  YOUXUEZHERENWEI,JUYOUZHANGQIJIYIJIANGSHIRENGONGZHINENGXITONGYANJINDAOYIGEGENGGAODEJIEDUAN。CHANGXIANG5—10NIANHOU,YOUKENENGGOUJIANZHEIYANGDEZHINENGXITONG,ZAIZHEIGEXITONGZHONG,YOUYUYANCHULIMOKUAI,BAOKUODUANQIJIYI、ZHANGQIJIYI,XITONGNENGZIJIBUDUANQUDUQUSHUJU,NENGBASHUJULIMIANDEZHISHIZUOYASUOHOUFANGDAOZHANGQIJIYIMOKUAI。GOUJIANYONGYOUZHANGQIJIYIDEZHINENGWENDAXITONG,ZHENGSHIWOMENXIANZAIDEYUANJING。

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